Research

The Missouri Soybean Merchandising Council board of directors strategically invests Missouri farmers’ checkoff dollars to develop and evaluate practical and innovative research for the benefit of Missouri soybean producers and their end users. Research investments are reviewed by professional staff as well as a team of Missouri farmers to ensure the research efforts continue to address the needs of growers. Projects currently supported by checkoff funds distributed by the Missouri Soybean Merchandising Council are listed below, divided by type of research – Agronomic, Soybean Breeding, Soybean and Crop Physiology, and Feed, Food and New Uses.

Missouri is also a partner in the Soybean Research & Information Initiative. Learn more about that program at the bottom of this page.

Agronomic

Missouri Green Fields Initiative
Bill Wiebold, University of Missouri
Development of a website that allows Missouri farmers to compare their current soybean production practices with a scientifically-based assessment of sustainable practices.  The calculated “greenness index” will be a user-friendly method for that comparison.

Incorporating Cover Crops in Soybean Cropping Systems
Bill Wiebold, University of Missouri
Determine if soybean intensity in a rotation affects soil health parameters.  Determine the impact of appropriate cover crop management on soybean yield and if cover crops can correct some of the negative impacts from soybean planted after soybean.

Soybean Gene Zoo – A Community Outreach
Bill Wiebold, University of Missouri
Goal is to conduct an education/demonstration project that targets a diverse audience from elementary school students to adult consumers to ag-knowledgeable Certified Crop Advisers, regardless of beginning knowledge of agriculture.

Interaction of Cover Crops and Nematicides in Relation to SCN Population Management and Soybean Yield
Bruce Burdick, Melissa Mitchum, Tim Reinbott & Andrew Scaboo; University of Missouri
The research goal is to evaluate the contribution and magnitude of cover crops and nematicides on soybean cyst nematode populations and yield of several resistant and non-resistant soybean varieties.

Missouri Agricultural Watershed Monitoring Project
Darrick Steen MSMC; Kurt Boeckman & Colleen Merideth, DNR
Goal is to measure the effectiveness of farmer practices and document and demonstrate the grower’s continuous improvements.

Enhancing Soybean Production Efficiency in Northwest Missouri
James Crawford & Wayne Flanary, Graves-Chapple Research Center
Research goal is to look at various production methods and practices to help producers increase yield and reduce input costs while working to protect the environment.

MU Certified Strip Trial Initiative
John Lory, Peter Scharf, Bill Wiebold, Wayne Flanary, Kent Shannon; University of Missouri
This program is an integrated research, education and demonstration project helping Missouri producers validate management decisions on their farm and document their efficiency and environmental stewardship.

Utility of Subsurface Drip Irrigation for Soybean Production
Kelly Nelson; University of Missouri
The goal is to evaluate the effect of subsurface drip irrigation on soybean response in rotation with corn, and the effect of subsurface drip irrigation spacing on soils with slopes greater than 3 percent on crop response in a claypan soil.

Management of Insecticide Resistance in Soybean Podworm Populations
Moneen Jones; University of Missouri, Delta Center
Obtain baseline susceptibilities to commonly used as well as emerging insecticides in the field in southeast Missouri.  Compare selection rates for resistance using mixture versus rotation strategies in the laboratory.  Evaluate stability of resistance and number of generations required to return tolerant populations to susceptibility.

Biochemical mechanisms responsible for resistance of bollworm to select insecticides and mixtures
Moneen Jones; University of Missouri, Delta Center
We will determine the probable cause of resistance and screen for cross-resistance between chemical classes of insecticides.

Soybean Breeding

Genetic Mapping of a Unique Morphological Trait in Soybean and Evaluation of the Correlations with Yield Potential and Seed Composition
Andrew Scaboo, University of Missouri; Jason Gillman, USDA, ARS
Identify genomic regions controlling a unique branching pattern discovered in wild soybean and evaluate the yield potential and seed composition in experimental lines exhibiting this trait.

Identification and Evaluation of Domesticated Soybean Lines from Wild Soybean Crosses with Increased Levels of Protein and Value-Added Amino Acids
Andrew Scaboo, Grover Shannon & Edward Large; University of Missouri
Develop high yielding domesticated soybean lines of recent wild ancestry with increased protein and high-value amino acid seed content using conventional breeding; and identify wild soybean genes responsible for improved seed composition of domesticated lines.

North Missouri Soybean Breeding Program
Andrew Scaboo, Pengyin Chen and Grover Shannon, University of Missouri
This project involves developing new soybean varieties to be used in north Missouri maturity zones with the focus on yields.

Winter Production Project
Pengyin Chen, Andrew Scaboo, and Grover Shannon, University of Missouri
Winter nursery is an essential component of a successful soybean breeding and genetic program. Costa Rica, Puerto Rica and Florida are all used so that crossing can be made in off-season for Missouri and year-round.  This greatly enhances the efficiency and timeliness of the Missouri soybean breeding program.

Developing high-yielding, high oleic acid, low linolenic acid soybean varieties with additional value-added composition traits (HOLL plus)
Kristin Bilyeu, USDA, ARS; and Andrew Scaboo, University of Missouri
Goal is to create competitive soybean lines with the high oleic/low linolenic trait plus additional seed composition traits.

GWAS to Genes: A system to utilize association analyses to clone genes and develop markers to improve soybean breeding for germplasm and variety development
Kristin Bilyeu, USDA, ARS; and Dong Xu & Trupti Joshi, University of Missouri
Research emphasis is to enhance bioinformatics systems to enable broad and efficient identification of soybean genes that control important phenotypes.

Characterization of genetic lesions and yield potential of two fast neutron mutants with high seed-per-pod value traits
Minviluz Stacey & Andrew Scaboo, University of Missouri
Goal is to characterize the growth, developmental attributes, and seed yield potential of experimental lines. Genotype the mutant plants to identify genetic lesions and design corresponding PCR markers.

Breeding Productive, Pest Resistant, Conventional and Herbicide Tolerant Group IV and V Soybeans
Pengyin Chen, Grover Shannon & Andrew Scaboo; University of Missouri
The objective of this research is to develop new soybean varieties for Mid-South environments.  The specific objectives are breeding for higher yields, disease and nematode resistance and quality traits.

Breeding and Genetic Mapping for Flooding Tolerance in Soybean
Pengyin Chen, Grover Shannon & Andrew Scaboo; University of Missouri
The objective of this research is to develop new soybean varieties for Mid-South environments.  The specific objectives are breeding for higher yields, disease and nematode resistance and quality traits.

Evaluation of oleic acid germplasm for development of soybeans with high oleic acid
Pengyin Chen, Grover Shannon & Andrew Scaboo; University of Missouri
The objective of this research is to develop new soybean varieties for Mid-South environments.  The specific objectives are breeding for higher yields, disease and nematode resistance and quality traits.

Delta Center Soybean Breeder Support
Pengyin Chen, University of Missouri
Support for Delta Center Soybean breeding program as Dr. Chen establishes his program needs at the Delta Center.

Fast neutron mutagenesis in soybean: A resource to aid in the translation of genomic information into applied technologies
Gary Stacey, University of Missouri
The research will address the improvement in the quality of U.S. soy by improving meal and oil through mutational breeding, while also seeking to increase the combined soybean seed content of protein and oil.

SCN and Crop Physiology

Using microgenomics to identify new sources of soybean cyst nematode resistance in soybean
Melissa Mitchum; University of Missouri
This project will study a new biotech approach to soybean nematode resistance.  SCN have been adapting to the current source of resistance and looking at new approaches to resistance as well as resistant sources is of utmost importance for fighting this serious pest of soybean.

Enhancing water use efficiency of advanced soybean germplasm to improve drought tolerance
Felix Fritschi & Andrew Scaboo; University of Missouri
Study the response of genotypes with contrasting stable isotope signatures under distinct growing conditions to determine genotype by environment interactions and suitability in distinct environments. Enhance our understanding of physiological mechanisms that underpin the stable isotope traits. Use soybean germplasm previously identified to have increased water use efficiency based on stable isotope analyses and introgress this trait into breeding lines.

High-throughput phenotyping to accelerate soybean improvement through agronomy, breeding and genetics
Felix Fritschi, Gary Stacey, Andrew Scaboo, Bill Wiebold, Guilherme DeSouza, & Minviluz Stacey; University of Missouri
Research focus is to implement and deploy a phenotyping platform that will accelerate soybean improvement by facilitating repeated, rapid, accurate, non-destructive plant measurements. The optimized platform will be available to Missouri soybean researchers conducting experiments ranging from crop management to fundamental genetics for many years to come.

Improving Heat Tolerance:  Identification and Characterization of Soybean Germplasm
Felix Fritschi, Jason Gillman & Arun Prabhu Dhanapal; University of Missouri
The goals of this project are to 1) identify germplasm with increased heat tolerance by exploiting genetic variability of MG III and IV genotypes; 2) develop a better understanding of the mechanisms that protect soybean yield from losses during episodes of high temperature stress; and 3) initiate incorporation of heat tolerance traits into advanced soybean germplasm and development of mapping populations.

Feed, Food and New Uses

Nutritional Evaluation of Soybean Meal Generated from High Oleic Acid Soybeans
Monty Kerley, University of Missouri
The goal of this proposal is to provide nutritional information (amino acid profile, amino acid digestibility, energy digestibility) of HO soybean meal for use by animal production facilities (purchasers of soybean meal) in valuing HO meal.

Intragastric gelation of mixed soy protein and fibers and its effect on postprandial sugar release
Bongkosh Vardhanabhuti & Heather Leidy; University of Missouri
This project will investigate the digestion properties of mixed soy protein and fibers and how their in-vitro intragastric gelation affects postprandial sugar release in human subjects. Knowledge gained could be used to develop food products for diabetic and pre-diabetic population.

Oil-Derived Epoxy Monomer for Structural Composite Applications
Thomas Schuman; Missouri S&T
Project goal is to develop monomer into a marketed product and further develop applications toward broader market access.

 

The Soybean Research & Information Initiative
A project funded by the North Central Soybean Research Program (NCSRP), the Soybean Research and Information Initiative helps make soybean research more accessible. The initiative launched in the spring of 2014 as an effort to build upon the functionality and success of the Plant Health Initiative (PHI) in developing an easy access one-stop shop for soybean research. The site can be found at www.soybeanresearchinfo.com. The Missouri Soybean Merchandising Council is a member of the NCSRP and supporter of this project.

 The site features research from thirteen universities across the twelve NCSRP member states, as well as grower-focused information about soybean diseases and pests. The site also houses diagnostic tools for growers and resources on other agronomic issues. The University of Missouri is a contributor to the website, ensuring growers in the Show-Me State are well represented within the agronomic and diagnostic tools.

Perhaps one of the most beneficial features of the site is the overview of 24 of the most prolific soybean diseases throughout the region. Each summary includes the disease’s life cycle, agronomic impact and how to manage the disease. To help identify the diseases many pictures are included in addition to scouting tips and information about how to distinguish diseases that are commonly mistaken for each other. Learn more online through the NCSRP or at www.soybeanresearchinfo.com.

Product Research

The MSMC, along with partners such as the University of Missouri-Columbia, boast one of the top production research programs in the country. See how the MSMC and USB are working to boost your yields.

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