Uses for Soybeans
Soybean are used in a wide variety of foods for humans and animals, as well as for industrial and consumer products such as building materials, lubricants and other household items. Learn about those soy-based options in the Soy Products Guide.
Poultry and livestock feed makes up 97 percent of soybean meal used in the U.S. In Missouri, pigs are the largest consumer of soybean meal followed by broilers, turkeys and cattle. In 2019, livestock in Missouri used the soybean meal from 67 million bushels of soybeans.
Looking for guidance on using soybean meal, soybean hulls or other soy products in your livestock rations? The University of Missouri Cooperative Extension Service created a feed calculator in 2020 that may be helpful. Access the calculator as a Microsoft Excel file by clicking here.
Food for Human Consumption
The other 3 percent of soybean meal used in the U.S. is in food products like protein alternatives and soymilk. Oil used for food accounts for 61 percent of soybean oil used in the U.S. This oil can be used as vegetable oil for frying or baking, and as an ingredient in foods like salad dressings and margarines. Soy also appears in products like soy sauce, breakfast cereals and bars, and some beverages and whipped toppings.
For more information on foods containing soy, check out the Soy Foods Guide and the Soy Nutrition Institute.
Soybean oil used for industrial purposes accounts for 7 percent of soybean oil used in the U.S. This oil is converted into products like paints, plastics and cleaners. The USDA Biobased program has a complete list of industrial products containing soybeans.
Biodiesel makes up more than 30 percent of soybean oil used in the U.S. Biodiesel is a renewable substitute for petroleum diesel made from soybean oil. The fuel reduces greenhouse gas emissions, increases energy efficiency and provides a 13 percent price support for soybeans. Learn more about biodiesel by clicking here.
Soybean oil improves tire flexibility at lower temperatures, allowing for increasing rubber pliability and traction in cold temperatures, rain or snow. Additionally, soybean oil mixes better with rubber compounds in the tire leading to reduced energy consumption and a more efficient manufacturing process.
Goodyear® The Goodyear® Tire and Rubber Company has successfully developed innovative lines of soy-based tires. Learn more at mosoy.org/soytires.
Adding soy into asphalt mixes can improve asphalt performance, reduce impact of aging and improve environmental footprint. This leads to lower mix costs, paving costs and plant costs while enriching the community with safe, renewable, cost-effective products.
Cargill’s Anova™ technology is available for our county and municipal public works departments.
Spraying a concrete protector containing soybean oil can extend the life of the concrete by forming a water resistant barrier protecting against outside moisture and corrosive materials on the roads. PoreShield is one product that uses soy to create a biodegradable, nontoxic, noncorrosive barrier for roadways – reducing the environmental footprint as compared to petroleum-based options and providing a cost savings for public works departments through reduced maintenance.
High Oleic soybean oil can be used to create a high-performing, sustainable synthetic motor oil. This soy-based alternative improves fuel efficiency and performance and runs cleaner compared to petroleum-based oils. One product currently available now, Biosynthetic Technologies’ oil is offered in 5W-20 and 5W-30 viscosities and recommended for all types of modern vehicles and is a USDA Certified BioBased Product.
If you are going to buy running shoes, flip flops or other footwear, why not walk on a comforting bed of soybean oil under your feet? Replacing petroleum oil in the footwear, soy provides a more sustainable product. Skechers, Oka-B, Okabashi and Third Oak currently offer a range of products, from casual sandals to running shoes.
As a roof ages, asphalt roof shingles can become brittle and slowly break apart. Insert soybeans. Soybean oil can be used to rejuvenate the asphalt, restore flexibility and facilitate daily expansion and contraction. Roof Maxx is a scientifically formulated, spray-on treatment that uses microbeads of soybean oil to quickly penetrate brittle asphalt shingles. Treatment with Roof Maxx is safe for people, pets, property and the environment. The company says work is completed in an hour, with no mess, for a fraction of the cost of a new roof.